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Who is Ebrahim Raisi?: Iran’s Missing President nicknamed ‘The Butcher of Tehran’

Who is Ebrahim Raisi?: Iran’s Missing President nicknamed ‘The Butcher of Tehran’

The hardline President Raisi has long been seen as a protege to Iran’s supreme leader and a potential successor for his position within the country’s Shiite theocracy.
Mr Raisi has faced sanctions from the US and other nations over his involvement in the mass execution of prisoners in 1988.
Mr Raisi, 63, previously ran Iran’s judiciary before becoming president in 2021.
He ran unsuccessfully for president in 2017 against Hassan Rouhani, the relatively moderate cleric who as president reached Tehran’s 2015 nuclear deal with world powers.

In 2021, Mr Raisi ran again in an election that saw all of his potentially prominent opponents barred from running under Iran’s vetting system.
He swept nearly 62% of the 28.9 million votes, the lowest turnout by percentage in the Islamic Republic’s history.
Millions stayed home and others voided ballots.

Mr Raisi was defiant when asked at a news conference after his election about the 1988 executions, which saw sham retrials of political prisoners, militants and others that would become known as “death commissions” at the end of the bloody Iran-Iraq war.

After Iran’s then-Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini accepted a UN-brokered ceasefire, members of the Iranian opposition group Mujahedeen-e-Khalq, heavily armed by Saddam Hussein, stormed across the Iranian border from Iraq in a surprise attack.

Iran blunted their assault.

The trials began around that time, with defendants asked to identify themselves.
Those who responded “mujahedeen” were sent to their deaths, while others were questioned about their willingness to “clear minefields for the army of the Islamic Republic”, according to a 1990 Amnesty International report.

The US Treasury in 2019 sanctioned Mr Raisi “for his administrative oversight over the executions of individuals who were juveniles at the time of their crime and the torture and other cruel, inhuman, or degrading treatment or punishment of prisoners in Iran, including amputations”.
It also mentioned his involvement in the 1988 executions.

Iran is ultimately run by its 85-year-old supreme leader, Ayatollah Ali Khamenei.
But as president, Mr Raisi supported the country’s enrichment of uranium up to near-weapons-grade levels, as well as it hampering international inspectors as part of its confrontation with the West.

Mr Raisi also supported attacking Israel in a massive assault in April that saw more than 300 drones and missiles fired at the country in response for a suspected Israeli attack that killed Iranian generals at the country’s embassy compound in Damascus, Syria – itself a widening of a years-long shadow war between the two countries.

He also supported the country’s security services as they cracked down on all dissent, including in the aftermath of the 2022 death of Mahsa Amini and the nationwide protests that followed.
The months-long security crackdown killed more than 500 people and saw over 22,000 detained.

In March, a United Nations investigative panel found that Iran was responsible for the “physical violence” that led to Ms Amini’s death after her arrest for not wearing a hijab, or headscarf, to the liking of authorities.

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